Guide for Authors

The style of the manuscript should be conformed to currently acceptable usage in matters of grammar and syntax.

IARP Journals accepts manuscript in English language only. Every manuscript with the exception of short technical notes and letters to the editor must be escorted by an abstract of 200 words or less, stating in short terse manner, the objectives of the study, the techniques used and what was accomplished.

Types of Article

Three types of manuscripts may be submitted:

Regular articles: These should describe new and cautiously confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in enough detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and construe the work clearly.

Short Communications: A Short Communication is appropriate for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 5 pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.

Reviews: Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and stimulated. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4-7 pages (about 12 to 20 manuscript pages). Reviews are also peer-reviewed. Texts.

Articles should be systematized using some or all of the following headings; Introduction, Experimental Procedure or Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement and References. The text should define the equipment and methods in enough details to permit duplication of the results.

The Title should be a brief phrase describe contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and E-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.

The Abstract should be informative and entirely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the researches, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be sidestepped. No literature should be cited. Following the abstract, about 3 to 10 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed.

A list of non-standard Condensations should be added. In general, non-standard condensations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in digressions the first time it is used in the text. Authors should use the solidus presentation.

The Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the pertinent literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or result. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Materials and methods should be complete sufficient to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important alterations of published procedures should be cited briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.

Results should be offered with clarity and exactness. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, conjecture and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.

The Discussion should construe the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be joint.

The Bylines of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.

Tables should be reserved to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered sequentially in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the researches should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text.

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution jpeg or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to elected figures and upper-case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.


In the text, a reference identified by means of an author�s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list.


Bishimu (2000), Agindotan et al. (2003), (Gelebeni, 1983), (Usman and Smith, 2001), (Chege, 2000; Stein, 1988a,b; Tijani, 1991,1994), (Qumasi et al., 2002) References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order.

Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., A. Kingori, University of Nairobi, Kenya, personal communication). Journal names are abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1980). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan, (Chapter 5).

Dewstow, W. A. (2008). Using the Internet to enhance teaching at the University of Waikato (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Holmes, G. (2003).The intercultural communication experiences of ethnic Chinese students in a Western tertiary institution: Implications for education providers (Working paper 2000-13). Hamilton, New Zealand: University of Waikato, Department of Management Communication.

Russel RL, De Sa Silva E, Costa AM, Mandarim-De-Lacerda CA (2006). Mast cells in tissue response to dentistry materials: an adhesive resin, a calcium hydroxide and a glass ionomer cement. J. Cell. Mol. Med. 7:171-178.

Booth M, Bundy DA, Albonico P, Chwaya M, Alawi K (1999). Associations among multiple geohelminth infections in school children from Pemba Island. Parasitol. 116: 85-93.0.

Tanislawski L, Lefeuvre M, Bourd K, Soheili-Majd E, Goldberg M, Perianin A (2001). TEGDMA-induced toxicity in human fibroblasts is associated with early and drastic glutathione depletion with subsequent production of oxygen reactive species. J. Biomed. Res. 66:476-82.

Short Communications

Short Communications are limited to a maximum of three figures and two table. They should present a complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short Communications with the following differences:

  • (1) Abstracts are limited to 150 words;
  • (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes;
  • (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.

Proofs and Reprints

Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a word/PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Because IARP Journals will be published freely online to attract a wide audience, authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in both HTML and PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

Publication Procedure

The submission of a paper to this Journal implies that the manuscript has not been in or submitted to any other journal and the author have obtained suitable permission to use data obtained for and contained in the manuscript. All manuscripts are subject to review by two or more independent, nameless referees chosen by the editor-in-chief and should be free of charge i.e. voluntary referees. Authors will receive review reports which may take a maximum of two weeks. If revision is necessary, the author is asked to re-submit the dated revised manuscript incorporating the suggestions and recommendations of the referees within three months from the date of notice. It must be resubmitted as a new manuscript with reference to the previous submission. The author of an accepted manuscript will be notified. He or She will receive page proofs (PDF) for proof reading prior to the publication. All submissions are subject to final approval and acceptance for publication by the Editor-in-Chief.

Conflict of Interest

Authors must clearly acknowledge all sources of findings and include this information in Acknowledgement section of the manuscript. Authors must also state other potential conflicts of interest including financial and non-financial, in the cover letter that accompanies the manuscript submission.

Access Policy

All content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search or link to the full text of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.

Peer Review Policy

All research articles in the IARP Journals have publication process endured rigorous peer-review, based on initial editor screening refereeing by at least two referees.

Publication Charges

Authors are required to make payment of article publication handling fee only after their articles have been accepted. Authors are also required to apply for partial waiver if they could not meet up to the processing fee.


All articles are subjected to a double-blind peer-review process. Manuscripts are invited from academicians, researchers and practitioners for publication considerations in IARP Journals. Each manuscript must include 200 words abstract and keyword. All manuscripts are accepted in Microsoft Word (Ms Word).

Strictly Prohibited

Authors should note that manuscript cannot be withdrawn under any condition once it is accepted. The Team of IARP Journals is strongly against Plagiarism, please do not submit same article to multiple journals simultaneously and do not submit already published article to our Journal.